Lack of wisdom, which is the root of all evils. Obscuration as to self of persons and self of phenomena.
Wholesome or unwholesome thoughts, speech and bodily deeds.
Normally 6 consciousnesses but is taken as 8 in the Yogacara School.
Name & form
Corporeality & mentality
Mental & physical existence. 4 mental aggregates and one physical body.
Six sense organs/spheres
Eye, ear, nose, tongue, touch and mental faculty.
A mental factor and period in which the objects, sense power/organ and conciousness come together, causing one to distinguish an object as pleasurable, painful or neutral.
Posited as a mental factor that experiences pleasure, pain and neutral feeling. Pleasure leads to a strong desire for more while pain generates an avoidance desire.
A mental factor that increases desire but without any satisfaction.
A stronger degree of desire. 4 basic varieties: desired objects, views of self, bad system of ethics and conduct; and other bad views.
Process of becoming
A period lasting from the time of fully potentialised karma up to the beginning of next lifetime.
Ageing & Death
Ageing & Death
Links 1, 2, 8, 9 and 10 are the five karmic causes of rebirths.
Links 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are the five karmic results in the rounds of rebirths.
This doctrine is interpreted in various ways and levels:
1. The Theravada tradition uses it to explain the arising of sufferings; that all composite existence is without substantiality. This doctrine is then used the basis for the negation of self.
2. In the Mahayana, condition arising is further interpreted to validate the unreality of existence by reason of its relativity.
3. Madhyamika School equates this doctrine with shunyata (emptiness). Condition arising is taken to show that because of their relativity, appearances have only empirical validity and are ultimately unreal.
4. In the Yogacara view, only true understanding of this doctrine can overcome the error of taking what does not exist for existent and what does exist for nonexistent.
5. The Prajnaparamita Sutras stresses that this doctrine does not refer to a temporal succession but rather to the essential interdependence of all things.
Sources of compilation:
The Meaning of Life; The Dalai Lama, Wisdom Publications 92
The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen; Shambhala Pubn 91
Living Dharma; Jack Kornfield, Shambhala Pubn 96
Buddhist Dictionary; Nyanatiloka, Singapore Buddhist Meditation Centre 91
[ Compiled by Tan Swee Eng]