A Selected Reading List

Suggestions for Reading to Facilitate Study in Particular Areas of the History of Buddhism

The selection is intended to be a practical, introductory guide for reading or research on the history of Buddhism. It is by no means an exhaustive bibliography. It contains only books and monographs – no journal articles – and confines itself where possible to accessible works with significant historical and/or sociological content. Most of the works listed are in English and in print, or at least widely available in libraries.


Batchelor, Stephen.
Buddhism Without Beliefs : A Contemporary Guide to Awakening
/ Stephen Batchelor. New York : Riverhead Books, 1997.

Bechert, Heinz and Richard F. Gombrich, eds., The World of
Thames and Hudson, London, 1984.

Bodhi leaves. Nos. 1 – 40. [2nd ed.].
Kandy : Budhist Publication Society, [1968].

Burnett, David,
The Spirit of Buddhism / David Burnett.
Crowborough, East Sussex : Monarch, c1996.

Clifford, Terry.
Tibetan Buddhist Medicine and Psychiatry : The Diamond Healing
/Terry Clifford ; foreword by His Holiness, the Dalai Lama ;
Introduction by Lokesh Chandra. York Beach, Me. : S. Weiser,

Conze, Edward,
A Short History of Buddhism, Unwin, London, 1980.

De Bary,William Theodore
The Buddhist Tradition in India, China and Japan
– New York : Vintage Books, 1972.

Della Santina, Peter.
Fundamentals of Buddhism / Peter D. Santina.
Taiwan : Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation, 1984

Della Santina, Peter.
The Tree of Enlightenment : An Introduction to the Major Traditions of Buddhism
/ Peter Della Santina.
Taiwan : Chico Dharma Study Foundation, 1997.

De Silva, Padmasiri, 1933-
An Introduction to Buddhist Psychology / Padmasiri de Silva ;
foreword by John Hick.- London : Macmillan, 1979.

Dhammananda, K. Sri.
What Buddhists Believe / K. Sri Dhammananda.
5th ed., expanded & rev. ed.
Taipei : Buddha Educational Foundation, 1993.

Dhammananda, K. Sri.
Treasure of the Dhamma / K. Sri Dhammananda.
Taipei, Taiwan : The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational
Foundation, [1996], c1994.

Dharma Gaia : A Harvest of Essays in Buddhism and Ecology / edited by Allan Hunt Badiner.- Berkeley, Calif. : Parallax Press,

Donden, Dr Yeshi
Health Through Balance : An Introduction to Tibetan Medicine
/ Dr.Yeshi Donden.-
New York.: Snow Lion, 1986

Fisher, Robert E., 1940
Buddhist Art and Architecture / Robert E. Fisher.
London : Thames and Hudson, c1993.

Gems of Buddhist Wisdom.
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia : Buddhist Missionary Society, 1996.-
2nd ed.
Taiwan : The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation,1997

Gethin, Rupert.
The Foundations of Buddhism / Rupert Gethin.
Oxford [England] ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.

Gombrich, Richard Francis.
How Buddhism Began : The Conditioned Genesis of the Early Teachings
/ Richard F. Gombrich.
London ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J. : Athlone Press, 1996.

Gunaratana, Henepola. Ven
The Path of Serenity and Insight : An Explanation of the Buddhist Jhanas
/ Henepola Gunaratana. Delhi : Motilal Banarsidass, 1985.

Gunaratana, Henepola Venerable.
Mindfulness in Plain English / Henepola Gunaratana.
Boston : Wisdom Publications, 1992.

Gunaratana, Henepola Venerable.
Eight Mindful Steps to Happiness : Walking the Path of the Buddha
Boston : Wisdom Publications, 2001

Hale, Julian Anthony Stuart, 1940-
Buddha for Beginners [sound recording] /
[… adapted by Julian Hale from the book Buddha for beginners by Jane Hope and Borin van Loon]
– Duxford, Cambridge : Icon Books, 1997.

Harris, Elizabeth J.
What Buddhists Believe / Elizabeth J. Harris.
Oxford, England ; Boston, MA : Oneworld Publications, c1998.

Harvey, Peter, An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices,
Cambridge University, Cambridge, U.K., 1990.

Harvey, Peter (Brian Peter)
An Introduction to Buddhist Ethics : Foundations, Values, and Issues
Cambridge, UK ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Hershock, Peter D.
Reinventing the Wheel : A Buddhist Response to the Information Age
/ Peter D. Hershock.- Albany, N.Y. : State University of New York Press, c1999.

Howley, Adrienne.
The Naked Buddha Speaks : Your Questions About Buddhism Answered
/ Adrienne Howley.
Milsons Point, N.S.W. : Bantam, 2002.

Humphreys, Christmas,
A Popular Dictionary of Buddhism / Christmas Humphreys.
Lincolnwood, Ill. : NTC Pub. Group, 1997.

Kausalyayana, Ananda, Bhadanta,
An Intelligent Man’s Guide to Buddhism / by Bhadanta Ananda
Kausalyayan. 2nd ed. Nagpur : Buddha Bhoomi Prakashan, 1992.

Khema, Ayya.
Being Nobody, Going Nowhere / Ayya Khema.
London : Wisdom Publications, 1987.

Kitagawa, Joseph Mitsuo, and Mark D. Cummings, Buddhism and Asian History,
Macmillan, New York, 1989

Kornfield, Jack
Living Dharma : Teachings of Twelve Buddhist Masters
/ Jack Kornfield. -Ist Shambala ed.-
Boston, Mass. : Shambhala, 1996.

Liu, Xinru.
Ancient India and Ancient China : Trade and Religious Exchanges, AD 1-600 / Xinru Liu.
Delhi ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1988.

Lopez, Donald S., 1952-
Buddhism / Donald S. Lopez.
London : Allen Lane, 2001

Mackenzie, Vicki.
Why Buddhism? : Westerners in Search of Wisdom / Vicki Mackenzie.
St. Leonards, N.S.W. : Allen & Unwin, 2001.

Maurice, David.
What the Buddha Really Taught / [by] David Maurice.
Sydney : Elizabethan Press, 1980.

Mills, Laurence-Khantipalo.
Buddhism Explained : an introduction to the teachings of Lord Buddha, with reference to the belief in and the practice of those teachings and their realization / Bhikku Khantipalo.- 4th ed.
Taipei, Taiwan : The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational
Foundation, [1996]

Mitchell, Donald W. (Donald William),
Buddhism : Introducing the Buddhist Experience / Donald W. Mitchell.
New York : Oxford University Press, 2002.

Narada, Maha Thera.
The Buddha and His Teachings / by Narada Maha Thera.
[Ven Narada Maha Thera commemoration ed.]
Singapore : Singapore Buddhist Meditation Centre, [198-?]
(later publication in 1991, by Buddhist Publication Society)

Buddhist Dictionary; Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines.
Colombo, Frewin, 1950.

Pannapadipo, Phra Peter
Phra Farang : An English monk in Thailand.
Bangkok.: Post Books, 1997

Pauling, Chris,
Introducing Buddhism / Chris Pauling. 3rd ed.
Birmingham : Windhorse Publications, 1997.

Phangcham, C.
Buddhism for Young Students / C. Phangcham. 2nd ed.
Warren, MI : Wat Dhammaram Sundy School, c1993

Pio, Edwina, 1955-
Buddhist Psychology : A Modern Perspective / Edwina Pio.
New Delhi : Abhinav Publications, c1988

Piyadassi, Thera.
The Spectrum of Buddhism : Writings of Piyadassi / foreword by Bhikkhu Bodhi. Staten Island, N.Y. : J. de Silva, 1991.

Piyadassi, Thera.
The Buddha’s Ancient Path / Piyadassi Thera.
Kandy, Sri Lanka : Buddhist Publication Society, 1974, c1964.

Piyananda, Bhante Walpola
Saffron Days in LA : Tales of a Buddhist Monk in America.
-Boston.: Shambhala, 2001

Prebish, Charles S., Buddhism: A Modern Perspective,
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1975.

Prebish, Charles S.
The A to Z of Buddhism / Charles S. Prebish.
Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2001.

Prebish, Charles S.
Historical Dictionary of Buddhism / by Charles S. Prebish.
Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Randall, Richard
Life as a Siamese Monk.- Bradford ( England).: Aukana Pub, 1990.

Reat, N. Ross, 1951-
Buddhism : A History / by Noble Ross Reat.
Berkeley, Calif. : Asian Humanities Press, c1994.

Renard, John
Responses to 101 Questions on Buddhism.
-Mahwah, New Jersey.: Paulist Press, 1999

Reynolds, Frank E., et al., Guide to Buddhist Religion,
G. K. Hall, Boston, 1981 (a useful, annotated bibliography organized by place and subject

Robinson, Richard H., 1926
-The Buddhist Religion : A Historical Introduction / Richard H.
Robinson, Willard L. Johnson ; assisted by Sandra A.
Wawrytko, Thanissaro Bhikkhu (Geoffrey DeGraff). 4th ed.
Belmont, Calif. : Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1996, c1997.

Roscoe, Gerald
The Triple Gem : An Introduction to Buddhism
Chiang Mai : Silkworm Books, 1994.

The Seeker’s Glossary : Buddhism.
[2nd. ed.] New York : Sutra Translation, 1998.

Sengupta, Sudha, 1923
-Buddhism in the Classical Age (c. 400-750 A.D.) / Sudha Sengupta.
Delhi : Sundeep Prakashan, 1985.

Skilton, Andrew.
A Concise History of Buddhism
/ Andrew Skilton (Dharmacari Sthiramati) .
– Birmingham : Windhorse, c1994.

Snelling, John, 1943
-The Buddhist Handbook : A Complete Guide to Buddhist Teaching,
Practice, History, and Schools / by John Snelling. London : Century, 1987.

Snelling, John, 1943
-Way of Buddhism. – London.: Thorsons, 2001

Sumangalo, Venerable
Buddhist Sunday School Lessons.
-Penang, Malaya.: Penang Buddhist Association, 1958

Sumano, Bhikkhu.
Buddhist Thought and Meditation in the Nuclear Age / by Sona Kanti Barua (Sumano Bhikkhu).
Nantaburi, Thailand : Wat Chulaprathan Rangsrit ; Bangkok
Distributed by Mahachulalongkorn Buddhist University, 1987

Sumano, Bhikkhu.
Questions from the City : Answers from the Forest / Ajahn Sumano Bhikkhu.
-Wheaton, Illinois.: Quest Books, 1999

Tate, Ajahn
The Autobiography of a Forest Monk
/ Ajahn Tate (Phra Rajanirodharangsee) ;
[edited by Bhikkhu Ariyesako] 12th ed
Nongkhai, Thailand : Wat Hin Mark Peng, 1993.

Tenzin Palmo,
Reflections on a Mountain Lake : A Western Nun Talks on Practical
Buddhism / Tenzin Palmo.- Crows Nest, N.S.W. : Allen & Unwin, 2002

Thaye, Lama Jampa
Thorsons Way of Tibetan Buddhism .- London.: Thorsons, 2001

Van Gorkom, Nina.
Buddhism in Daily Life / by Nina van Gorkom.
Bangkok, Thailand : Dhamma Study and Propagation Foundation, 1988

Williams, Paul,
Buddhist Thought : A Complete Introduction to the Indian Tradition / Paul Williams with Anthony Tribe.- London :
Routledge, 2000.

The World of Buddhism : Buddhist Monks and Nuns in Society and Culture
/ texts by Richard Gombrich … [et al.] ; edited by Heinz Bechert and Richard Gombrich.
London : Thames and Hudson, 1984

The Buddha in Legend and History

Carrithers, Michael.
The Buddha / Michael Carrithers.
Oxford [Oxfordshire] ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1983.

Corless, Roger.
The Vision of Buddhism : The Space Under the Tree
New York : Paragon House, 1989.

Foucher, A. (Alfred),
The Life of the Buddha, According to the Ancient Texts and
Monuments of India. Abridged translation by Simone Brangier Boas.
Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press [1972, c1963.

Nanamoli, The Life of the Buddha According to the Pali Canon,
Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1972.

Nelson, Walter Henry.
Gautama Buddha : His Life and His Teaching / by Walter HenryNelson.
London : Luzac Oriental, 1996.

Pye, Michael, The Buddha, Duckworth, London, 1979.

Saddhatissa, Hammalawa, The Life of the Buddha, Harper and Row, New York, 1976.

Schuman, Hans Wolfgang, The Historical Buddha, Penguin, London, 1989 1st German ed., Koln, 1982).

Wiltshire, Martin Gerald.
Ascetic Figures Before and in Early Buddhism : the Emergence of
Gautama as the Buddha / Martin G. Wiltshire.
Berlin ; New York : Mouton de Gruyter, 1990.

Early Developments in the Sangha

Dutt, Nalinaksha, Buddhist Sects in India, Motilal, Delhi, 1978

Dutt, Nalinaksha, Early History of the Spread of Buddhism and the Buddhist Schools, Rajesh, Delhi, 1980 (1st ed.,

Dutt, Nalinaksha, Early Monastic Buddhism, Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta, 1971; Oriental Book Agency, Calcutta,

Dutt, Sukumar, Buddhist Monks and Monasteries of India, Unwin, London, 1962 (Part I, pp. 19-97).

Dutt, Sukumar, Early Buddhist Monachism, Munshiram Manoharial, Delhi, 1984 1.

Dutt, Sukumar, The Buddha and Five Centuries After, S. Samsad, Calcutta, 1978; L

Frauwallner, Erich, The Earliest Vinaya and the Beginnings of Buddhist literature, Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, Rome, 1956.

Hazra, Kanai Lal,
Constitution of the Buddhist Sangha / Kanai Lal Hazra.
Delhi : B.R. Pub. Co., 1988.

Oldenberg, Hermann, Buddha: His Life, His Doctrine, His Order, Indological Book House, Varanasi, 1971
Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914
The Life of the Buddha and the Early History of His Order, derived from Tibetan works in the Bkah-hgyur and Bstanhgyur, followed by notices on the early history of Tibet and Khoten. Translated by W. Woodville Rockhill.
-Varanasi, Orientalia Indica [1972]

Wijayaratna, Mohan, Buddhist Monastic Life, Cambridge University, Cambridge, 1990.

The Teachings of the Historical Buddha

Ambedkar, Bhimrao Ramji,
The Buddha and His Dhamma.
Bombay : Siddharth Pub., 1974.

Conze, Edward, Buddhism: Its Essence and Development, Cassirer, Oxford 1951;
Harper and Row reprint, New York, 1975

Conze, Edward, Buddhist Thought in India, Unwin, London, 1962; University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1967.

Dhammananda, K. Sri.
Treasure of the Dhamma / K. Sri Dhammananda.
Taipei, Taiwan : The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational
Foundation, [1996], c1994.

Gombrich, Richard F., Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo,
Routledge, London, 1988.

Jayatilleke, K.N. (posthumous ed., Ninian Smart), The Message of the Buddha, Unwin, London, 1974. Macmillan, New York, 1975.

Jack Kornfield with Gil Fronsdal.
Teachings of the Buddha
Rev. and enl. ed.- Boston : Shambhala ; [New York] : Distributed in U.S. by Random House, 1996.

Maurice, David.
What the Buddha Really Taught / [by] David Maurice.
Sydney : Elizabethan Press, 1980.

Mills, Laurence-Khantipalo.
What is Buddhism : an introduction to the teachings of Lord Buddha with reference to the belief in and the practice of those teachings and their realization / [by] Khantipalo Bhikkhu.
Bangkok : Social Science Association Press of Thailand, 1965.

Narada, The Buddha and His Teachings, Vajirarama, Colombo, Sri Lanka,1973

Narada, Maha Thera
Buddhism in a Nutshell / Narada Thera.
Colombo, Sri Lanka : Narada, 1982.

Narada, Maha Thera.
A Manual of Buddhism / by Narada Thera.- 5th ed.
Kuala Lumpur : Buddhist Missionary Society, 1971.
(Reprinted 2002 )

Nhat Hanh, Thich
The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching : transforming suffering into peace, joy and liberation : the four noble truths, the noble eightfold path and other basic Buddhist teachings / Thich Nhat Hanh
Berkeley, Calif. : Parallax Press, 1998.

Nyanaponika, Thera, 1901-
The Heart of Buddhist Meditation : a handbook of mental training based on the Buddha’s Way of mindfulness / by Nyanaponika Thera ;
foreword by E. Graham Howe. 2nd ed. Colombo : The Word of the Buddha
Publishing Committee, 1956.

Oldenberg, Hermann, 1854-1920.
Buddha: His Life, His Doctrine, His Order, by Hermann Oldenberg.
Translated from the German by William Hoey.
Delhi, Indological Book House, 1971.

Pande, Govind Chandra, Studies in the Origins of Buddhism, Motilal, Delhi, 1974

Pandita Bivamsa, U, 1921-
In This Very Life : the liberation teachings of the Buddha /
Sayadaw U. Pandita ; translated by Venerable U. Aggacitta ;
edited by Kate Wheeler. Rev. ed. Wisdom Publications, 1993

Piyadassi, The Buddha’s Ancient Path, Rider, London, 1964.

Rahula , Walpola Ven.
What the Buddha Taught / Walpola Rahula ; with a foreword by Paul
Demieville- Oxford, England, : Oneworld, [1997], c1959.

Saddhatissa, H., The Buddha’s Way, Unwin, London, 1971.

Schumann, Hans Wolfgang, Buddhism: An Outline of its Teachings and Scbools,
Theosophical Publishing House, Wheaton, Ill., 1973 (Chapters I-II).

Thomas, E. J. (Edward Joseph), 1869-
The History of Buddhist Thought / by Edward J. Thomas.- 2nd ed.
London : Routledge & K. Paul, 1951.

Wijayaratna, Mohan, Buddhist Monastic Life, Cambridge University, Cambridge, 1990.

Williams, Paul, Mahayana Buddhism, Routledge, London, 1989.

Buddhism in India

Conze, Edward, Buddhism: Its Essence and Development, Cassirer, Oxford, 1951;
Harper and Row reprint, New York 1975

Conze, Edward, Buddhist Thought in India, Unwin, London, 1962; University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1967.

Dutt, Sukumar, Buddhist Monks and Monasteries of India, Unwin, London, 1962.

Lamotte, Étienne, History of Indian Buddhism : from Sakyamuni to Early Mahayana.- New Delhi.: Motilal Banarsidass, 1993

Ling, Treavor Oswald, Buddhist Revival in India: Aspects of the Sociology of Buddhism, St. Martin’s, New York, 1980

Ling, Treavor Oswald, The Buddha: Buddhist Civilization in India and Ceylon, Temple Smith, London, 1973.

Nakamura, Hajime, Indian Buddhism: A Survey with Bibliographical Notes, Hirakata, Japan, 1980; Motilal, Delhi, 1987

Sarao, K. T. S.
>The Origin and Nature of Ancient Indian Buddhism / K.T.S. Sarao.
1st ed.
Delhi, India : Eastern Book Linkers, 1989.

Taranatha’s History of Buddhism in India / translated from Tibetan by Lama Chimpa, Alaka Chattopadhyaya ; edited by Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya.
Delhi : Banarsidass, 1990.

Warder, Anthony Kennedy, Indian Buddhism, Motilal, Delhi, 1980


Bamzai, Prithivi Nath Kaul, A History of Kashmir – Political, Social, Cultural – From the Earliest Times to the
Present Day, Metropolitan, Delhi, 1962.

Dutt, Nalinaksha, Buddhism in Kashmir, Eastern Book Linkers, Delhi, 1985.
Ganhar, J.N., Buddhism in Kashmir and Ladakh, Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi, 1956.

Khosla, Sarla, History of Buddhism in Kashmir, Sagar, New Delhi, 1972.

Ray, Sunil Chandra, Early History and Culture of Kashmir, Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi, 1969, 2nd revised ed.,1970

Central Asia

Gaulier, Simone.
Buddhism in Afghanistan and Central Asia / by Simone Gaulier,
Robert Jera-Bezard and Monique Maillard. Leiden : Brill, 1976.

Litvinsky, Boris Anatolevitch, Outline History of Buddhism in Central Asia, Kushan Studies in the U.S.S.R. (pp.
53-132), Indian Studies Past and Present, Calcutta, 1970.

Puri, Baij Nath, Buddhism in Central Asia, Motilal, Delhi, 1987.

Saha, Kshanika, Buddhism and Buddhist Literature in Central Asia, Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta, 1970.

Buddhism in Sri Lanka

Adikaram, E.W., Early History of Buddhism in Ceylon, Gunasena, Colombo, 1953.

Carter, John Ross.
On Understanding Buddhists : Essays on the Theravada Tradition in
Sri Lanka / John Ross Carter.
Albany : State University of New York Press, 1993.

Carrithers, Michael B., The Forest Monks of Sri Lanka: An Anthropological and Historical Study, Oxford University, Delhi,1983.

de Silva, K.M., A History of Sri Lanka, Hurst, London, 1981; University of California, Berkeley, 1981.

Evers, Hans Dieter, Monks, Priests and Peasants: A Study of Buddhism and Social Structure in Central Ceylon, Brill, Leiden, 1972

Geiger, Wilhelm, Culture of Ceylon in Mediaeval Times, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1960.

Gombrich, Richard F., and Gananath Obeyesekere, Buddhism Transformed: Religious Change in Sri Lanka, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 1988.

Gombrich, Richard F., Precept and Practice: Traditional Buddhism in the Rural Highlands of Ceylon, Clarendon, Oxford, 1971.

Gombrich, Richard. F., Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo, Routledge, London, 1988.

Gunawardana, R.A.L.H., Robe and Plough: Monasticism and Economic Interest in Early Mediaeval Sri Lanka, University of Arizona, Tuscon, 1979.

Ludowyk, Evelyn Fredrick Charles, The Footprint of the Buddha, Unwin, London, 1958.

Malalgoda, Kitsiri, Buddhism in Singalese Society, 1750-1900, University of California, Berkeley, 1976.

Rahula, Walpola, History of Buddhism in Ceylon: The Anuradhapura Period, Gunasena, Colombo, 1966

Seneviratne, H. L.,
The Work of Kings : The New Buddhism in Sri Lanka / H.L.
Seneviratne. Chicago, Ill. : University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Smith, Bardwel L., ed., Religion and the Legitimation of Power in Sri Lanka, Anima, Chambersburg, PA, 1978.

Smith, Bardwell L., The Two Wheels of Dhamma: Essays on the Theravada Tradition in India and Ceylon,
American Academy of Religion, Chambersburg, 1972.

Southwold, Martin.
Buddhism in Life : the anthropological study of religion and the
Sinhalese practice of Buddhism / Martin Southwold.
Manchester [Greater Manchester] ; Dover, N.H. : Manchester
University Press, c1983.

Buddhism in Southeast Asia


Blofeld, John Eaton Calthorpe, 1913
-Mahayana Buddhism in Southeast Asia / John Blofeld. Singapore : [Published by]
D. Moore for Asia Pacific Press, 1971

Coedès, George, The Making of Southeast Asia, Routledge, London, 1966 (1st French ed. 1962).

Coedès, George, The Indianized States of Southeast Asia, Australian National University, Canberra, 1975

Hall, Daniel George Edward, A History of Southeast Asia, Macrnillan, London, 1981

Lester, Robert C.
Theravada Buddhism in Southeast Asia / Robert C. Lester.
Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 1973.

Buddhist Trends in Southeast Asia / edited by Trevor Ling.
Singapore : Institute ofSoutheast Asian Studies, c1993.

Smith, Bardwell L., ed., Tradition and Change in Theravada Buddhism: Essays on Ceylon and Thailand in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Brill, Leiden, 1973.

Swearer, Donald K.,
Buddhism and Society in Southeast Asia / Donald K. Swearer.
Chambersburg, Pa. : Anima Books, c1981.

Ancient Kingdoms

Barabudur, History and Significance of a Buddhist Monument /
edited by Luis O. Gómez and Hiram W. Woodward, Jr.
Berkeley, Calif. : Distributed by Asian Humanities Press, 1981.

Gómez, Luis O., and Hiram W. Woodward, Borobudur. History and Significance of a Buddhist Monument, University of California, Berkeley, 1981.

Hall, Daniel George Edward, A History of Southeast Asia, Macmillan, London, 1981

Soekmono, J.G. de Dasparis and Jacques Dumarcay, Borobudur: Prayer in Stone, Thames and Hudson, London, 1990.


Audric, John, Angkor and the Khmer Empire, Hale, London, 1972.
Briggs, Lawrence Palmer, The Ancient Khmer Empire, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1951.

Chandler, David P., A History of Cambodia, Westview, Boulder, 1992

Chatterji, Bijan Raj, Indian Cultural Influence in Cambodia, University of Calcutta, Calcutta, 1964.

Coedès, George, Angkor: An Introduction, Oxford University, Hong Kong, 1963

Dutt, Sukumar, Buddhism in East Asia, Bhatkal, Bombay, 1966 (pp. 87-102).

Yang Sam, Khmer Buddhism and Politics from 1954 to 1984, Khmer Studies Institute, Newington, CT, 1987.


Jumsai, M.L. Manich, History of Laos, Chalermnit, Bangkok, 1971

Smith, Bardwell L., ed., Religion and the Legitimation of Power in Thailand, Laos and Burma, Anima, Chambersburg, PA, 1978.

Stuart-Fox, Martin, 1939
-Buddhist kingdom, Marxist State : the making of modern Laos /
Martin Stuart-Fox.- Bangkok ; Cheney : White Lotus, 1996.

Viravong, Maha Sila, History of Laos, Paragon, New York, 1964

Burma (Myanmar)

Hall, Daniel George Edward, Burma, Hutchinson’s, London, 1960

Htin Aung, Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism, Oxford University, London,1962.

King, Winston Lee, A Thousand Lives Away: Buddhism in Contemporary Burma,. Camb. : Harvard U.P., 1964.

Mendelson, E. Michael, Sangha and State in Burma, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1975.

Sarkisyanz, E., Buddhist Backgrounds of the Burmese Revolution, Nijhoff, The Hague, 1965.

Smith, Donald Eugene, Religion and Politics in Burma, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 1965.

Spiro, Melford. E., Buddhism and Society. A Great Tradition and its Burmese Vicissitudes, Unwin, London, 1971.

Than Tun, 1923
-Essays on the History and Buddhism of Burma / by Than Tun ;
edited by Paul Strachan.
Whiting Bay, Isle of Arran, Scotland : Kiscadale Publications, [1988?]


Anuman Rajadhon, Phraya, 1888-1969.
Popular Buddhism in Siam, and Other Essays on Thai Studies / by
Phya Anuman Rajadhon. Bangkok : Thai Inter-Religious Commission for
Development & Sathirakoses Nagapradipa Foundation, 1986.

Bunnag, J., Buddhist Monk, Buddhist Layman: A Study of Urban Monastic
Organization in Central Thailand, Cambridge University, Cambridge, 1973.

Gard, Richard, The Role of Thailand in World Buddhism, World Fellowship of Buddhists, Bangkok, 1971.

Ishii, Yoneo, Sangha, State and Society: Thai Buddhism in History, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1986.

Kamala Tiyavanich,
Forest Recollections : Wandering Monks in Twentieth-Century Thailand / Kamala Tiyavanich.
Honolulu : University of Hawai’i Press, c1997.

Rajadhon, Phya Anuman, Life and Ritual in Old Siam, HRAF Press, New Haven, CT, 1961.

Roscoe, Gerald.
The Triple Gem : An Introduction to Buddhism / Gerald Roscoe.
Chiang Mai : Silkworm Books, 1994.

Saapaisarl, Maneewan.
Buddhism in Bangkok : The Roles of the Sangha in a Changing
Society / by Maneewan Saapaisarl.
Sydney : [s.n.], 1980.

Tambiah, Stanley J., Buddhism and the Spirit Cults in Northeast Thailand, Cambridge University, Cambridge, 1970.

Tambiah, Stanley J., World Conqueror World Renouncer: A Study of Buddhism and Polity in Thailand against a
Historical Background, Cambridge University, Cambridge, 1976.

Wells, Kenneth E., Thai Buddhism: Its Rites and Activities, AMS, New York, 1982


Dutt, Sukumar, Buddhism in East Asia: An Outline of Buddhism in the History and Culture of the Peoples of East Asia, Bhatkal, Bombay, 1966

Gheddo, Piero, The Cross and the Bo-Tree: Catholics and Buddhists in Vietnam, Sheed and Ward, New York, 1970

Minh Chi.
Buddhism in Vietnam : from its origins to the 19th century / Minh
Chi, Ha Van Tan, Nguyen Tai Thu.- Hanoi : The Gioi, 1993

Thien-an, Thich (= Rev.), Buddhism and Zen in Vietnam in Relation to the Development of Buddhism in Asia, Tuttle, Tokyo and Rutland, VT, 1975

Buddhism in China

Ch’en, Kenneth K.S., Buddhism in China: A Historical Survey, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 1964.

Ch’en, Kenneth K.S., The Chinese Transformation of Buddhism, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 1973.

Dumoulin, Heinrich, Zen Buddhism: A History – Volume 1: India and China, Macmillan, New York, 1988.

MacInnis, Donald E., Religion in China Today: Policy and Practice, Orbis, Maryknoll, N.Y., 1989.

Overmeyer, Daniel L., Religions of China: The World as a Living System, Harper and Row, San Francisco, 1986.

Pachow, W.,
Chinese Buddhism : Aspects of Interaction and Reinterpretation /
Lanham, Md. : University Press of America, c1980.

Weinstein, Stanley, Buddhism under the T’ang, Cambridge University, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Welch, Holmes, The Buddhist Revival in China, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 1968.

Welch, Holmes, The Practice of Chinese Buddhism: 1900-1950, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1967.

Wright, Arthur R, Buddhism in Chinese History, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 1971

Zurcher, Erik, The Buddhist Conquest of China: The Spread and Adaptation of Buddhism in Early Medieval China, 2 vols., Brill, Leiden, 1972

Buddhism in Korea

Buddhist Culture in Korea : general ed., Chun Shin-Yong.

Seoul : International Cultural Foundation, 1974.

Buswell, Robert E., The Korean Approach to Zen: The Collected Works of Chinul, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1983

Chang, Byung-kil (= Pyong-gil), Religions in Korea, Korean Overseas Information Service, Seoul, 1984.

Chun, Shin-yong, ed., Buddhist Culture in Korea, Si-sa-yong-sa Publishers, Seoul, 1982.

Clark, Charles Allen, Religions of Old Korea, Garland, New York, 1981

Grayson, James Huntley, Early Buddhism and Christianity in Korea, Brill, Leiden, 1985.

Grayson, James Huntley, Korea: A Religious History, Clarendon, Oxford, 1989.

Han, Woo-keun, The History of Korea, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1971.

Kim, Duk-Whang, A History of Religions in Korea, Daeji Moonwhasa, Seoul, 1988. Lancaster, Lewis R., and Chai-shin Yu, Introduction of Buddhism to Korea, Asian Humanities Press, Berkeley, 1989

Introduction of Buddhism to Korea : New Cultural Patterns / Lewis R Lancaster ed.-
Berkely , Calif.:Asia Humanities Press, 1989

Lancaster, Lewis R., and Chai-shin Yu, Assimilation of Buddhism to Korea, Asian Humanities Press, Berkeley, 1989

Lee, Ki-baik, A New History of Korea, Harvard Yenching Institute, Cambridge, MA, 1984.

Buddhism in Japan

Bellah, Robert N., Tokugawa Religion: The Cultural Roots of Modern Japan, Free Press, New York, 1985;

Dobbins, James C., Jodo Shinshu: Shin Buddhism in Medieval Japan, Indiana University, Bloomington, 1989.

Dumoulin, Heinrich, Zen Buddhism: A History – Volume 2: Japan, Macmillan, New York, 1990

Erhart, H. Byron, Japanese Religion: Unity and Diversity, Wadsworth, Belmont, CA, 1974 (1st ed., Belmont, 1969).

Hanayama, Shinsho, A History of Japanese Buddhism, Bukko Dendo Kyokai, Tokyo, 1960.

lchiro, Hori, et al., eds., Japanese Religion: A Survey by the Agency for Cultural Affairs, Kodansha, Tokyo, 1972.

Matsunaga, Daigan and Alicia, Foundation of Japanese Buddhism, 2 vols., Buddhist Books International, Los Angeles and Tokyo, 1974.

Nakamura, Hajime, A History of the Development of Japanese Thought from A.D. 592 to 1868, 2 vols., Kokusai
Bunka Shinkokai, Tokyo, 1969.

Saunders, E. Dale (Ernest Dale), 1919-
Buddhism in Japan, with an outline of its origins in India / by
E. Dale Saunders. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1977,

Buddhism in Tibet

Batchelor, Stephen
The Jewel in the Lotus : a guide to the Buddhist traditions of Tibet
/ edited and with an introduction by Stephen Batchelor.
London : Wisdom Publications ; Longmead, Shaftesbury, Dorset :
Distributed by Element Books, 1987.

Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet : Religious Revival and Cultural Identity
/ edited by Melvyn C. Goldstein and Matthew T. Kapstein ; with a foreword by Orville
Schell.- Berkeley : University of California Press, c1998.

Chattopadhyaya, Alaka, Atisa and Tibet, Indian Studies Past and Present, Calcutta, 1967.

Dargyay, Eva, The Rise of Esoteric Buddhism in Tibet, Motilal, Delhi, 1977.

Dowman, Keith.
The Sacred Life of Tibet / Keith Dowman.
London : Thorsons, 1997.

Hoffmann, Helmut, The Religions of Tibet, Macmillan, New York and London, 1961

Kapstein, Matthew.
The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism : Conversion, Contestation,
and Memory / Matthew T. Kapstein.
New York : Oxford University Press, 2000.

Krishna Murthy, K.
Buddhism in Tibet / K. Krishna Murthy.- Delhi : Sundeep Prakashan, 1989.

Norbu, Thubten and Colin M. Turnbull, Tibet, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1968;
Penguin (Pelican), U.K., 1972.

Powers, John, 1957
-Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism / John Powers.- 1st ed. USA.
Ithaca, N.Y., USA : Snow Lion Publications, 1995.

Richardson, Hugh E., Tibet and its History, Oxford University, London, 1962 (also
published as A Short History of Tibet, Dutton, New York, 1962).

Samuel, Geoffrey.
Civilized shamans : Buddhism in Tibetan Societies / Geoffrey Samuel.
Washington DC : Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.

Smith, E. Gene (Ellis Gene), 1936-
Among Tibetan Texts : History and Literature of the Himalayan
Plateau / E. Gene Smith ; edited by Kurtis R. Schaeffer ; with a
foreword by Jeffrey Hopkins.- Boston : Wisdom Publications, c2001.

Snellgrove, David L., and Hugh E. Richardson, A Cultural History of Tibet, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London
1968; Praeger, New York, 1968; Prajna, Boulder, 1980.

Snellgrove, David L., Indo-Tibetan Buddhism: Indian Buddhists and their Tibetan Successors, Serindia, London, ; Shambhala, Boston, 1987.

Stein, R.A., Tibetan Civilization, Faber, London 1972; Stanford University, Stanford, 1972,

Tucci, Giuseppi, The Religions of Tibet, Routledge, London, 1980; University of California, Berkeley, 1980

Tibetan Buddhism Beyond Tibet

Alam, Jayanti.
Tibetan Society in Exile / Jayanti Alam.
Delhi : Raj Publications, 2000.

Gold, Peter.
Tibetan Reflections : Life in a Tibetan Refugee Community / Peter Gold
photographs by the author ; illustrations by Tibetan artists;
; introduction by Thubten Jigme Norbu.- London : Wisdom Publications, 1984.

Nowak, Margaret,
Tibetan Refugees : Youth and the New Generation of Meaning /
Margaret Nowak.
New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1984.

Rai, Raghu,
Tibet in Exile / Introduction by the Dalai Lama ; photographs by
Raghu Rai ; text by Jane Perkins.
San Francisco : Chronicle Books, 1991.

Saklani, Girija.
The Uprooted Tibetans in India : a sociological study of
continuity and change / Girija Saklani.
New Delhi, India : Cosmo, 1984.

Snellgrove, David L., Buddhist Himalaya, Cassirer, Oxford, 1957.
Tucci, Giuseppi, The Ancient Civilization of Trans-Himalaya, Barrie and Jenkins,
London, 1973.


Gellner, David N.
Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest : Newar Buddhism and its
Hierarchy of Ritual / David N. Gellner.
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Ortner, Sherry B., High Religion: A Cultural and Political History of Sherpa
Buddhism, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 1989.

Ram, Rajendra, A History of Buddhism in Nepal, Motilal, Delhi, 1978.

Shakya, Min Bahadur, A Short History of Buddhism in Nepal, YMBA, Kathmandu, 1984.


Francke, August Hermann, A History of Ladakh: With Critical Introduction and Annotations by S.S. Gergan and
F.M. Hassnian, Sterling, New Delhi, 1977 (Originally History of Western Tibet, London, 1907).

Petech, Luciano, The Kingdom of Ladakh, c. 950-1842 A.D., Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente,
Rome, 1977.

Shakspo, Nawang Tsering, A History of Buddhism in Ladakh, Ladakh Buddhist Vihara, Delhi, 1988.

Snellgrove, David L. and Tadeusz Skorupski, The Cultural Heritage of Ladakh, 2 vols., Aris and Phillips,
Warminster, U.K., 1979-80.


Aris, Michael V., Bhutan: The Early History of a Himalayan Kingdom, Aris and Phillips, Warminster, U.K., 1979.

Chakravarti, Balaram, A Cultural History of Bhutan, 2 vols., Hilltop Publishers, Chittaranjan, West Bengal, 1979

Olschak, Blanche C., Ancient Bhutan, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, Zürich, 1979.


Bhattacharyya, Prandab Kumar, Aspect of Cultural History of Sikkim: Studies in Coinage, (sic) K.P. Bagchi, Calcutta, 1984.

Chopra, P.N., Sikkim, S. Chand, New Delhi, 1979.

Coelho, V.H., Sikkim and Bhutan, Vikas, Delhi and North Harrow, Middlesex, U.K, 1971

Kotturan, George, The Himalayan Gateway: History and Culture of Sikkim, Sterling, New Delhi, 1983.

The Mongols

Grousset, René, The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ,1970.

Heissig, Walther, The Religions of Mongolia, University of California, Berkeley, 1979

Hyer, Paul, and Sechin Jagchid, A Mongolian Living Buddha, State University of New York, Albany, NY, 1983.

Jagchid, Sechin, and Paul Hyer, Mongolia’s Culture and Society, Westview, Boulder, 1979.

Moses, Larry William, The Political Role of Mongolian Buddhism, Indiana University, Bloomington, 1977

Buddhism in the West

Adam, Enid,
The Buddhists in Australia / Enid Adam and Philip J. Hughes.
Canberra : Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 1996.

Almond, P. C. (Philip C.)
The British Discovery of Buddhism / Philip C. Almond.
Cambridge ; Melbourne : Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Batchelor, Stephen.
The Awakening of the West : the Encounter of Buddhism and Western
culture, 542 BCE-1992 / Stephen Batchelor.
London : Thorsons, 1995.

British Discovery of Buddhism / Philip C. Almond.
Cambridge ; Melbourne : Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Buddhism in America / compiled by Al Rapaport ; edited by Brian
D. Hotchkiss. 1st ed.- Rutland, Vt. : C. E. Tuttle, 1998.

Buddhism Through American Women’s Eyes / edited by Karma Lekshe Tsomo.
1st USA ed. Ithaca, N.Y. : Snow Lion Publications, 1995.

Croucher, Paul, History of Buddhism in Australia (1848-1988), New South Wales University Press , 1989

de Jong, J. W., A Brief History of Buddhist Studies in Europe and North America, Bharat-Bharati, Varanasi, India,
1976 (reprinted from The Eastern Buddhist, vol. 7, 1974); updated ed. (covering also 1973-83), Sri Satguru, Delhi, 1986.

Donath, Dorothy C.
Buddhism for the West: Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana; a
comprehensive review of Buddhist history, philosophy, and
teachings from the time of the Buddha to the present day [by]
Dorothy C. Donath. New York, Julian Press [1971]

Faces of Buddhism in America / edited by Charles S. Prebish
and Kenneth K. Tanaka
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1998.

Fields, R., How the Swans Came to the Lake: A Narrative History of Buddhism in
America, Shambhala, Boston and London, 1992

Humphreys, Christmas, Sixty Years of Buddhism in England (1907-1967), Buddhist Society, London, 1968.

Hunter, Louise H.
Buddhism in Hawaii; its impact on a yankee community [by] Louise
H. Hunter.- Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1971.

Mackenzie, Vicki.
Why Buddhism? : Westerners in Search of Wisdom / Vicki Mackenzie.
St. Leonards, N.S.W. : Allen & Unwin, 2001.

Numrich, Paul David, 1952
-Old Wisdom in the New World : Americanization in Two Immigrant
>Theravada Buddhist Temples / Paul David Numrich. 1st ed.
Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press, c1996.

Oliver, Ian P.
Buddhism in Britain / Ian P. Oliver.
London : Rider, 1979.

Prebish, Charles S
Luminous Passage : the Practice and Study of Buddhism in America
/ Charles S. Prebish.- Berkeley : University of California Press, c1999.

Westward Dharma : Buddhism Beyond Asia
/Charles S. Prebish ed
Los Angeles.: University of California, 2002